Embattled Heavens: The Militarization of Space in Science, Fiction, and Politics

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Embattled Heavens: The Militarization of Space in Science, Fiction, and Politics
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  Freie Universität Berlin10–12 April 2014 embattled heavens the militarization of space in science, fiction, and politics  1 AgendaProgramAbstracts Colleen Anderson The Militarization of Outer Space in East and West German Satirical Cartoons, 1957–1989   Jordan Bimm Simulating Mars in the 1950s and the Military Origins of Astrobiology Paul E. Ceruzzi The Global Positioning System (GPS). Military Origins, Civilian Application, and the Culture of Precise Positioning Oliver Dunnett C. S. Lewis and the Moral Threat of Space Exploration Greg Eghigian Flying Saucers, America, and the Specter of War in Postwar Germany, 1946–1960 Anthony W. Enns Satellites and Psychics. The Militarization of Outer and Inner Space  Danilo Flores Envisioning Inltration. Epistemic Border Disputes of Militarized Astroculture  Paweł   Frelik War Play. Space Combat and Galactic Conquests in Arcade and Computer Games Christopher Gainor The Nuclear Roots of ICBMs Alexander C.T. Geppert, Daniel Brandau and Tilmann Siebeneichner Heavenly Utopias and Ultimate Battleelds. The Dark Side of Global Astroculture   Jörg Hartmann “Weltraumschiff I startet.” The Dual-Use of a Spaceight-Science-Fiction-Film between Fact and Fiction, V-2 and Sputnik  Matthias Hurst “Raumpatrouille – Die phantastischen Abenteuer des Raumschiffs Orion.” Defending Earth in a German Spaceship Patrick Kilian Darwin vs. Cyborg. Cold War’s Struggle for Evolutionary Fitness in Space  Cathleen Lewis Space Spies in the Open. Military Space Stations and Heroic Cosmonauts after the Moon Race, 1971–1975 Regina Peldszus Architecture of Command. Dual-Use Legacy in Mission Control Centers of Civilian Space Operations Alex Roland The Cold War in Space  Diethard Sawicki Heating Up the Ionosphere and Owning the Weather? High Power Auroral Stimulation in Defense Scenarios and Conspiracy Theories Isabell Schrickel The Geopolitics of Space Mirrors Michael Sheehan Star Wars – Mars against Venus. Strategy, Science Fiction, and Contrasting Visions of Space Security Simon Spiegel Utopian Soldiers. Robert Heinlein’s “Starship Troopers” as a Utopian Novel Dierk Spreen Global Security and Spatial Revolution Philipp Theisohn The Suits of Invasion. Extra-Terrestrial Warfare and the ‘Clothing’ of the Body Politic in Twentieth-Century Fiction Patryk Wasiak Visual Imagery and the Public Life of Anti-Satellite Weapon Systems BiographiesParticipantsLogistics 235 5567788991010111212131314141515161617 182428 contents  2 For much of the twentieth century, outer space has been envisioned as not only a site of heavenly utopias, but also the ultimate battleeld. Science fact and science ction celeb -rated visions of progress and renewal. Astrofuturists imagined a future in which the won- ders of space exploration would unite humankind and eliminate violent conict world -wide. Nonetheless, many of the projects and preoccupations central to Western space thought, such as the efforts to establish a military base on the moon, are testaments to the darker and more violent side of astroculture. Defense interests have historically been driving factors in the development of space technologies. Military and civilian aspects have, however, often been dealt with separately in debates about humanity’s widely anti-cipated future in the stars.Concentrating on weapons, warfare and violence, this conference explores the military dimensions of astroculture in the period from 1942 to 1990. While space history tends to distinguish between military and civilian aspects, this conference examines the ways in which both have been linked in the legitimization and popularization of spaceight. By highlighting the militarization of extraterrestrial frontiers and conquest in politics and popular culture alike, ‘Embattled Heavens’ addresses the complex processes that oscillate between peaceful and aggressive characteristics of human endeavors in outer space. While the Space Age is usually associated with Cold War history, this conference complicates established narratives by integrating Western European and global perspec- tives. Examining astropolitics, technoscientic practices and science ction, our goal is to reconceptualize the history of outer space with a view towards its military dimensions.The organizers would like to express their gratitude to Katherine Boyce-Jacino, Jana Bruggmann, Gilda Langkau, Tom Reichard, Katja Rippert, Gösta Röver, Stephan Töpper and, above all, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Alexander C.T. Geppert, Daniel Brandau and  Tilmann Siebeneichner agenda  3 thursday, 10 april 2014 10:00 Welcome and Introduction   Alexander C.T. Geppert, Daniel Brandau, Tilmann Siebeneichner ( Berlin ): Heavenly Utopias and Ultimate Battleelds. The Dark Side of Global Astroculture  10:30 Feature Presentation I: Alex Roland ( Durham ):   The Cold War in Space  11:45 Panel I: Angst  Chair: Markus Pöhlmann (Potsdam)  Chris Gainor ( Sidney , CA): The Nuclear Roots of ICBMs   Greg Eghigian ( Philadelphia ): Flying Saucers, America, and the Specter of War in Postwar Germany, 1946–1960 13:00 LUNCH 14:00 Panel II: Territories  Chair: Katie Boyce-Jacino (Baltimore)  Dierk Spreen ( Lüneburg ): Global Security and Spatial Revolution   Danilo Flores ( Berlin ): Envisioning Inltration. Epistemic Border Disputes of Militarized Astroculture  15.15  COFFEE 15:30 Panel III: Evolutions  Chair: Jana Bruggmann (Berlin)    Jordan Bimm ( Toronto ): Simulating Mars in the 1950s and the Military Origins of Astrobiology   Patrick Kilian ( Zurich ):   Darwin vs. Cyborg. Cold War’s Struggle for Evolutionary Fitness in Space  16.45  COFFEE 17:00 Panel IV: Plots  Chair: Natalija Majsova (Ljubljana)    Jörg Hartmann ( Karlsruhe ): “Weltraumschiff I startet.” The Dual-Use of a Spaceight-Science-Fiction-Film between Fact and Fiction, V-2 and Sputnik    Matthias Hurst ( Berlin ): “Raumpatrouille – Die phantastischen Abenteuer des Raumschiffs Orion.” Defending Earth in a German Spaceship 20.00  DINNER AT RESTAURANT “LANDAUER” friday, 11 april 2014 09.30  Feature Presentation II: Chair: Daniel Brandau (Berlin/Mainz)  Michael Sheehan ( Swansea ): Star Wars – Mars against Venus. Strategy, Science Fiction, and Contrasting Visions of Space Security 10.30  Panel V: Infrastructures  Chair: Eva-Maria Silies (Berlin)  Regina Peldszus ( Darmstadt ): Architecture of Command. Dual-Use Legacy in Mission Control Centers of Civilian Space Operations   Isabell Schrickel ( Lüneburg ): The Geopolitics of Space Mirrors program  4 11.45  COFFEE 12:00  Panel VI: Domination  Chair: Tilmann Siebeneichner (Berlin)  Cathleen Lewis ( Washington , DC): Space Spies in the Open. Military Space Stations and Heroic Cosmonauts after the Moon Race, 1971–1975   Paweł Frelik ( Lublin ): War Play. Space Combat and Galactic Conquests in Arcade and Computer Games 13.15  LUNCH 14:00 Panel VII: Depictions  Chair: Joe Maiolo (London)  Colleen Anderson ( Cambridge , MA): The Militarization of Outer Space in East and West German Satirical Cartoons, 1957–1989    Oliver Dunnett ( Belfast ): C. S. Lewis and the Moral Threat of Space Exploration 15.15  COFFEE 15:30  Panel VIII: Utopias  Chair: Thore Bjørnvig (Copenhagen)  Simon Spiegel ( Zurich ): Utopian Soldiers. Robert Heinlein’s “Starship Troopers” as a Utopian Novel   Philipp Theisohn ( Zurich ): The Suits of Invasion. Extra-Terrestrial Warfare and the ‘Clothing’ of the Body Politic in Twentieth-Century Fiction 20.00  DINNER AT RESTAURANT “HEUBERGER” saturday, 12 april 2014 09.30  Panel IX: Strategies  Chair: Kai-Uwe Schrogl (Paris)  Anthony W. Enns ( Halifax ): Satellites and Psychics. The Militarization of Outer and Inner Space    Diethard Sawicki ( Paderborn ): Heating up the Ionosphere and Owning the Weather? High Power Auroral Stimulation in Defense Scenarios and Conspiracy Theories 10.45  COFFEE 11.00  Panel X: Surveillance  Chair: Robert Poole (Preston)  Patryk Wasiak ( Wrocław ): Visual Imagery and the Public Life of Anti-Satellite Weapon Systems   Paul E. Ceruzzi ( Washington , DC): The Global Positioning System. Military Origins, Civilian Application, and the Culture of Precise Positioning 12.15  SNACK 13.00  Panel Discussion: Recongurations   Chair: Alexander C.T. Geppert (Berlin)  David Edgerton ( London ), Bernd Greiner ( Hamburg ), Michael J. Neufeld ( Washington, DC ) 16.00 END program
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