EPRI Fusion Criteria 1994

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Epri Fusion Criteria
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  ! #$% #& () * &+$#+&, -./#)0 *)1% 23/$%4/5 6%7) $ ( )4 $8% 9*6: -./#)0 *&0%, By Jack Kaslow 1  (panel chair), Merwin Brown 2 , Robert Hirsch 3 , Ralph Izzo 4 , John McCann 5 , Dennis McCloud 6 , Bill Muston 7 , Art Peterson, Jr. 8 , Steve Rosen 9 , Thomas Schneider 10 , Peter Skrgic 11 , and Bruce Snow 12  Abstract 9,%+$ #+ .$#,#$#%/ & % ;%%0,3 #0$% %/$%< #0 $8% 7 )4#/% )( (./#)05 ,& =%>/+&,% %,%+$ #+#$3 7 )><.+$#)0 &0318% %? 1#$8 @# $.&,,3 0) 0&$. &, %>/). +% <%7,%$#)0 ) %0@# )04%0$&, 7),,.$#)0A  B) %C7%<#$% <%@%,)74%0$ )( +)44% +#&,,3 @#>&D,% (./#)0 /3/$%4/? $8% 9,%+$ #+ *)1% 6%>/%& +8 :0/$#$.$% E9*6:F G $8% 6HI 1#0= )( $8% JA2A %,%+$ #+ .$#,#$3 #0<./$ 3 G %+%0$,3 +)0@%0%< & 7&0%, )( $)7 .$#,#$3 6HI 4&0&=% / &0< %C%+.$#@% )K+% / $) #<%0$#(3 $8% ;%3 + #$%> #& $8&$ 4./$ D% 4%$ D3 (./#)0 7,&0$/ #0 ) <% $) D% &++%7$&D,% $) .$#,#$#%/A B8% 7&0%,L/ M0<>#0=/? /.44& #N%< #0 $8#/ %7) $? %478&/#N% +)47%$#$#@% %+)0)4#+/? 7)/#$#@% 7.D,#+ 7% >+%7$#)0? &0< %=.,&$) 3 /#47,#+#$3A Introduction -) )@% (). <%+&<%/? $8% %,%+$ #+ .$#,#$3 #0> <./$ 3 8&/ 1&$+8%< 1#$8 #0$% %/$ G &0< /)4% M0&0+#&, /.77) $ & / %/%& +8% / 8&@% /). = 8$ $) $&7 $8% %//%0$#&,,3 #0M0#$% 7)1% )( (./#)0A O<> @&0+%/ #0 %+%0$ 3%& / & % 7 )4#/#0=5 -) 4&03? %/.,$/ &$ $8% * #0+%$)0 *,&/4& *83/#+/ P&D)> &$) 3 %&/)0&D,3 <%4)0/$ &$% $8% /+#%0$#M+ (%&/#D#,#$3 )( (./#)0 7)1% A I%@%,)74%0$ )( 7 &+$#+&, (./#)0 7)1% /3/>$%4/ #/ /$#,, 3%& / &1&3A Q%$ %& ,3 &1& %0%// )(  18&$ 1#,, D% %R.# %< #0 &0 %@%0$.&, %&,>1) ,< &77,#+&$#)0 +&0 8%,7 %0/. % $8&$ + .+#&, &77,#>+&$#)0/ #//.%/ & % &<< %//%< &/ $8% $%+80),)=3 <%@%,)7/? $8% %D3 +)0$ #D.$#0= $) $8% /7%%< &0< %+)0)43 )( $8% <%@%,)74%0$ 7 )+%//A B) $8&$ %0<? $8% 9,%+$ #+ *)1% 6%/%& +8 :0/$#$.$% E9*6:F G $8% +),,%+$#@% 6HI 1#0= )( $8% JA2A %,%+$ #+ .$#,#$3 #0<./$ 3 G %+%0$,3 +)0@%0%< & 7&0%, )( 7 %/%0$ &0< () 4% .$#,#$3 #0<./$ 3 %C%+.$#@%/ /%,%+$%< () $8%# %C7% #%0+% #0 4&0&=#0= $8% #0$ )<.+$#)0 )( 4&S) 0%1 7)1% =%0% &$#)0 $%+80),)=#%/A T#$8 $8#/ 7% >/7%+$#@%? $8% 7&0%, #<%0$#M%< + #$% #& $) 8%,7  =.#<% $8% 1) ; )( (./#)0 <%@%,)7% / $)1& < 7 &+$#+&, 7)1% /3/$%4/ $8&$ +&0 )D$&#0 $8% M0&0+#&,? 7.D,#+? &0< %=.,&$) 3 /.77) $ 0%%<%< () #47,%4%0$&$#)0A 27%+#&, &$$%0$#)0  1&/ =#@%0 $) /%,%+$#)0 )( + #$% #& $8&$ & % ,#;%,3 $) 7 )@% $#4%,%// &/ 7)1% 4& ;%$/ %@),@% #0 $8% <%+&<%/ &8%&<A  B8#/ D #%( %7) $ &.=4%0$/ &0< %C7&0</ )0 $1) %& ,#% 9*6: 7.D,#+&$#)0/ 1#$8 /)4%18&$ <#U% #0= D.$ +)47,%4%0$& 3 7% /7%+$#@%/A EV?WF  X)$8 )( $8%/% %& ,#% 9*6: 7.D,#+&$#)0/ & % %+)44%0<%< &/ D&/#+ %( % %0+%/ )0 $ &0/(% > #0=  (./#)0 $%+80),)=3 (  )4 $8% ,&D) & $) 3 #0$) 7 &+$#+&, 7)1% /3/$%4/A B8#/ $8# < %7) $ &<</ & 0%1 <#4%0/#)05 &//. #0= $8% 0%+%//& 3 M0&0+#&,? 7.D,#+? &0< %=.,&$) 3 &77 )@&,/ )( (./#)0 7)1% 7,&0$ $%+80),)=3A  Y). 0&, )( -./#)0 90% =3? Z),.4% V[? \)/A W][? V^^_ V  Three Principal Types of Criteria :0 & $8) ).=8 %@#%1 )( 7 &+$#+&, (./#)0 7)1% /3/$%4 +8& &+$% #/$#+/? $8 %% + #$% #)0 = ).7/ )( )@% & +8#0= #47) $&0+% %4% =%<5 EVF 9+)0)4#+/EWF*.D,#+ O++%7$&0+%E[F 6%=.,&$) 3 2#47,#+#$3 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a %&,#$3 +8%+;,#/$b () <%@%,)7% / )( (./#)0 $%+80),)=3 +)0+%7$/A Economics To compensate for the higher eco-nomic risks associated with new tech-nologies, fusion plants must have lower life-cycle costs than competing proven technologies available at the  time of commercialization. P#(%+3+,% +)/$/ & % 4&<% .7 )( & 0.4D% )( +)47)0%0$/? #0+,.<#0= +&7#$&,? (.%,? )7% &$#)0/ &0< 4&#0$%0&0+% EcHdF? =%0% &, &0< &<4#0#/>$ &$#@% EeHOF? &0< %0<>)(>,#(% +)/$/A B8% (),>,)1#0= (&+$) / +&0 8%,7 4#0#4#N% $8%/% +)/$/5 f  2#N% g%C#D#,#$3? ) $8% &D#,#$3 $) D.#,< 7,&0$/ #0 & &0=% )( +&7&+#$#%/ 1#$8).$ & +)/$ 7%0&,$3 %,&$%< $) /#N% f  P)1 ,&0< %R.# %4%0$/ f  6&7#< &0< /#47,% +)0/$ .+$#)0 f  I%/#=0 /#47,#+#$3 f  h#=8 %,#&D#,#$3 f  h#=8 .0#$ &@&#,&D#,#$3 f  P)0= ,#(% f  P)1 (.%,>+3+,% +)/$/ f  d#0#4&, )7% &$#0= 7% /)00%, f  *% /)00%, R.&,#M+&$#)0/ /#4#,& $) $8)/% () +)47%$#0= $%+80),)=#%/ f  P)1 %0<>)(>,#(% +)/$/ -. $8% ? $8% +)/$/ () %,%+$ #+ /3/$%4 +)47)>0%0$/ $8&$ & % 0)$ %R.# %< () +)47%$#0= $%+80),)=#%/ 4./$ D% +)0/#<% %<A 2.+8 +)4>7)0%0$/ +).,< #0+,.<% /7%+#&, $ &0/4#//#)0 &0< 7)1% R.&,#$3 %R.#74%0$A -#0&,,3? $8% &D#,#$3 $) M0&0+% %& ,3 (./#)0 7,&0$/  1#,, %R.# % & 8#=8 ,%@%, )( +)0M<%0+% #0 $8% 7% () 4&0+% )( & +)44% +#&, 7,&0$A !)0@#0+>#0= @&,#<&$#)0 )( 7% () 4&0+% #0 <%4)0/$ &>$#)0 ) 7#,)$ 7,&0$/ 1#,, D% 0%%<%< $) =&#0 $8&$ +)0M<%0+%A Public Acceptance *.D,#+ &++%7$&0+% &0< +./$)4% /&$#/(&+$#)0  1#,, D% %//%0$#&, $) $8% +)44% +#&, /.++%// )( (.$. % (./#)0 7)1% 7,&0$/A A positive public perception can be  best achieved by maximizing fusion power’s environmental attractive-ness, economy of power production, and safety.  B8 ).=8).$ $8% <%@%,)74%0$ 7 )+%//? 8)1>%@% ? )0=)#0= #0$% &+$#)0 1#$8 $8% 7.D,#+ #/ + #$#+&,,3 #47) $&0$? &/ <%/#=0 +8)#+%/ & % (.0><&4%0$&, $) 7.D,#+ &++%7$&0+%A 2$&0<& </ 4./$ D% 8#=85 6%0%1&D,% %0% =3 /). +% 7,&0$/ 4&3 %7 %/%0$ $8% 7.D,#+L/ D%0+84& ; () %0@# )0>4%0$&, +,%&0,#0%// &0< /&(%$3A :0+ %&/#0= 7.D,#+ +)0+% 0 )@% %0@# )04%0$&, #47&+$/ &0< <%4&0< () %0@# )04%0$&, %>/7)0/#D#,#$3 1#,, 7,&3 & /$ )0= ),% #0 $8% &++%7>$&0+% )( (./#)0 7)1% 7,&0$/A d&C#4#N#0= %0@#> )04%0$&, &$$ &+$#@%0%// %R.# %/ &$$%0$#)0 $) 4&03 (&+$) /5 f  6&<#)&+$#@% 1&/$%/ /8).,< D% &@)#<%< ) 4#0#4#N%< &0< 7.D,#+,3 &++%7$&D,% 1&/$% 8&0<,#0= /),.$#)0/ <%@%,)7%<A f  94#//#)0/ &0< #0@%0$) #%/ )( 8%&@3 4%$>&,/? $)C#+ +8%4#+&,/? &0< )$8% 7),,.$&0$/  Y). 0&, )( -./#)0 90% =3? 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