Pakistan Studies Facts (trivia).docx


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PAKISTAN STUDIES PRE-PARTITION ã Who amongst the following were the first to invade India? Arabs ã Real name of Mohd: bin Qasim was Amadudin Mohammad (Pillar of Deen). ã Mohd: Bin Qasim was nephew and son-in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men. ã Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads. ã Siskar was Waziir of Dahir. ã Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman. ã The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A
  PAKISTAN STUDIES PRE-PARTITION ã Who amongst the following were the first to invade India? Arabs   ã Real name of Mohd: bin Qasim was Amadudin Mohammad (Pillar of Deen).   ã Mohd: Bin Qasim was nephew and son -in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men. ã Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads.   ã Siskar was Waziir of Dahir.   ã Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman.   ã The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A.D.   ã Shab udding Ghori was the founder of Islamic State in India. ã Qutubudin Aibk was the founder of slave dynasty after Ghoris.   ã Ghiyasuddin Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty. ã Aurangzeb reimposed ‘Jaziya’? ã Ibn Batutah visited India in reign of   Muhammad-bin Tughluq ã Babur used artillery in warfare. ã Emperor Shahjahan= Khurram Shihab -ud-din ã Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati? ã Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi. ã Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.   ã Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’.   ã Tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer.   ã Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur. ã Thatta was the capital city of Sindh dur  ing Argons and Turkans ã Mohd: bin Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly.   ã Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot.   ã Shalamar Bagh was built by Shah Jahan (Shahabuddin Mohd: Shah Jahan) (also called Shahzada Khuram) ã Jahan Ara begum was the daughter o f Shah Jahan ã Mehmood set out on Somnath on17 Oct: 1024 A.D.   ã 1st battle of Tarrin was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In 1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins. ã Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul.   ã Ahmed Shah  Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761. ã Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaludding Afghani.   ã Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period of Mohd: Shah Rangila (The Moughal Emperor). ã Original name of Tippu Sultan was Nawab Fateh Ali.   ã 4th May 1799 was t he day of Shahadat of Tippu Sultan. ã The srcinal name of Sultan Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohd:   ã Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 b/w Clive and Siraj -ud-Daula which established British rule in Bengal. ã Sindh was annexed by Birti sh in 1847 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935. ã First war of freedom was fought in 1757 b/w Siraju Doullah and Rober Clive.    ã Sh. Ahmed Sirhandi is known as Majaddid Alf Sani.   ã Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564.   ã Mausm Khan, soldier of Titu Mir was sentenced to death. ã Hajatullah al -Balaghah written by Shah Waliullah. ã Shah waliullah born in 1703. Shah Waliullah died in 1763.   ã Shah Alam II was an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar.   ã During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas  Roe and Captain Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure commercial privileges. ã Real name of Shah Waliullah was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin.   ã Haji Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehriz in 1802. Farazi Tehriz meant to  pay more attention on fundamental of Islam. ã Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli (Oudh) was the founde of Jehad Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot (NWF) in 1831. ã Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764.   ã Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781   ã The main aim of   Brahma Samaj was Reform in Hinduism. ã Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj.   ã Ani - Muslim Arya Samaj (1877) was founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875 (chk) ã In 1805, British made Sri Lanka a colony.   ã British annexed NWFP in 18 49. ã Wardha scheme written by Zakir Hussain.   ã Sati was abolished by Lord William Bantink.   ã First census in India made during the period of Lord Mayo.   ã Moen -jo-DAro & Herapa discovered in 1922. ã Sir John Marshal ordered digging of Moen jo Daro in 1922.   ã East India Company was formed in 1600 in London.   ã In India French East India company was established in 1664.   ã Raishmi Romal campaign started by Ubaidullah Sindhi before war of Independence.   ã War of Independence started on 7th May, 1857 from Delhi.   ã  Lord Canning was the Governor General of India during Sepoy Mutiny. ã In India the first gate of enterance of Europeans was Bengal.   ã At Meerath firstly the war of independence was fought.   ã War of independence started on 9th May, 1857.   ã The first Vicero y of the subcontinent was Lord Canning. ã Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858.   ã Indian National Congress made by Allan O. Hume in 1885.   ã First president of Congress was W.C. Benerjee.   ã 72 members attended the first meeting of Congress at Bombay out of   them only 2 were Muslims. ã Warren Hastings was the first Governor General of Bengal.   ã Hindi -Urdu controversy started in 1867. ã Mohsin -ul-Mulk founded Urdu Defence Association. ã Syed Ahmed Khan born on 17th Oct: 1817 in Delhi & died March 241898 at Ali  Gargh. ã Sir Syed is buried in Ali Garh Muslim University.   ã Tahzibul Ikhelaque was published in 1870. (1867 chk)    ã Asrar  -us-Sanadeed was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. ã Sir Syed wrote Loyal Mohammandan’s of India & Causes of Indian Revolt.   ã Hayate -e-Javed is written by Maulana Hali about Sir Syed. ã In Indai English education was first initiated in Bengal in 1835.   ã Shah Waliullah was born in Delhi.   ã Madressah Rahimiya was established by Shah Abdul Rahim.   ã Scientific society was established in 1863.   ã Albert Bill was presented in 1883   ã NWFP was separated from Punjab by the British in 1901, Lord Curzon was then the viceroy and GG of British India. ã Mohammadan Educational Conference was formed on 27 Dec: 1886 by Sir Syed.   ã Muhammadan Literacy Societ y of Calcutta founded in 1860. ã “Indian Patriotic Association” was founded in 1861.   ã Nidwatul Ulema (1884) was founded by Molvi Abdul Ghafoor Qasim Nativi. Nadvat -ul-Ulema was founded in 1894 and Maulvi Abdul Ghafoor was its founder.(chk) ã Darul -ul Deoband (1867) was founded by Mohd: Qasim Nanavatavi. ã MAO College founded on Jan: 8, 1877 and inaugurated by Governor General Lord Lyton.   ã Present Sindhi alphabets made by Sir Barter Frere in 1883.   ã Anjuman -e-himayat-Islam was founded in 1884. ã Sindh Madr  asa built by Hassan Ali Afandi on 1st Sep: 1885. ã DJ (Diwan Dayaram Jethmal) Science College was opened by Governor of Bombay Lord Reay on 17th Jan: 1887. ã Islamia High School Peshawar was founded in 1890.   ã Muslim Aligargh University was established in 1920. ã Treaty of Amritsar took place in 1876.   ã Kashmir was sold to Gulab Singh in 1845.   ã NWFP was given status of province in 1901.   ã Shakespeare (not William Shakespeare) was the governor of Banarus.   ã Mohammadan Political Association was formed in 190 3. ã Partition of Bengal announced on 1st Sept: 1905 & implemented on 16 Oct: 1905 by Lord Curzon. ã Partition of Bengal annulled: 10th Dec: 1911 by Lord Hardinge.   ã Swadeshi movement was started against Partition of Bengal.   ã Bengal divided in East Bengal  (Muslim Bengal) & West Bengal (Hindu Bengal) in July 1905  by Lord Curzon. Capital of Muslim Bengal was Dacca and that of Hindu Bengal was Calcutta. ã The partition of Bengal was annulled on 12th Dec: 1911 by King George -V and Queen Marry. ã The president of Simla Deputation (1st Oct: 1906) was Agha Khan III and secretary was Mohsanul Mulk. ã Muslim League founded on 30 Dec: 1906 at Decca.   ã ML was formed in the annual session of Muslim Educational Conference in Decca with the  proposal of Nawab Salimullah. ã The HQ of ML was established at Lucknnow.   ã Initial membership of ML was 400.   ã Mohd: Ali Johr wrote the constitution of ML: The Green Book.   ã Inagural session of ML was presided by Nawab Samiullah.   ã Inagural address was delivered by Nawab Vikarul Mulk.    ã First session of ML was held on 30th Dec: 1907 at Karachi.   ã First session of ML held in Karachi 31st Dec: 1907 was presided over by Adamjee Pri Bhai of Bombay. ã The srcinal name of Mohsanu -ul-Mulk was Mehdi Ali Khan. ã Original name of Waqaul Mulk wa s Molvi Mohd: Shah. ã 1st President of ML was Agha Khan III. (upto 1913).   ã Sir Agha Khan remained permanent president of ML till 1913.   ã First VC of Aligarh University was Agha Khan 3.   ã Agha Khan III was born in Karachi and was buried in Egypt.   ã Real na me of Agha Khan III was Sultan Mohd: Shah. ã First secretary general of ML was Hussain Bilgrami.   ã 2nd President of ML was Sir Ali Mohd: Khan when Agha Khan III resigned in 1913.   ã Sir Mohammad Shafik was the second general secretary of Muslim League.   ã Sy yed Amir Ali established ML London in 1908. ã Quaid attended 1st time Muslim League session in 1912. (chk)   ã Quaid resigned from Imerial Legislative Council as a protest against Rowlatt Act in 1919.   ã Quaid became ML president 1919 -1924 (chk it). ã Quaid j oined ML 10 Oct 1913. ã Syed Amir Ali resigned from ML in 1913.   ã Quaid resigned from Congress and Home Rule League in Dec: 1920 (Nagpur Session) became ML president in 1916. (chk it) ã Quaid held joint membership of ML & Congress for 7 years i.e from 1913 -1920 ã He presided the ML Lucknow session of 1916 and Delhi session of 1924, became permanent  president of ML in 1934. ã Lord Minto came to India as viceroy in 1915.   ã Minto Morley reforms 1909: introduced separate electorates.   ã Minto Morley reforms: Min to was Indian Viceroy and Morley was state secretary for India. ã Montague Chemsford Reforms came in 1919.   ã ML demanded principle of self rule for India in 1913.   ã Kanpur mosque incident took place in 1913.   ã Jillanwalla Bagh is in Amritsar. It was place where a number of Indian killed by the English on 13th April, 1919. ã General Dair was the army commander of Amritsar during Jullianwala bagh slaughter (1919). ã Lucknow Pact came in Nov: 1916.   ã Home Rule Movement was founded by Mrs. Annie Basent an Engl ish Parsi lady in 1916 after Lucknew pact. ã Rowalt Act was passed in 1919.   ã Khilafat Movement started in 1919 and ended in March 1921.   ã All Indai Khilafat committee was founded in Bombay on 5th Juley 1919 and Seth Chuttani  became its first president. ã First meeting of All Indai Khilafat Movement was held on 23rd Nov: 1919 and was presided over by Molvi Fazal Haq of Bengl. Its headquarter was at Bombay. ã Khilafat day was observed on 27th October, 1919.   ã Indian Khilafat Delegation met with Lloyd George.   ã Mopala uuprising in Malabar 1921.   ã Chauri Chuara incident tookplace in 1922.  
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