Putin assimetric policy - final report

Documents

206 pages
9 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 206
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
geoplitics
Transcript
  U . S . GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICEWASHINGTON : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing OfficeInternet: bookstore.gpo.govPhone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800Fax: (202) 512–2104Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 20402–0001 1 28–110 PDF COMMITTEE PRINT   ! 115 TH C ONGRESS    2d Session S. P RT . 2018  115–21 PUTIN’S ASYMMETRIC ASSAULT ON DEMOCRACY IN RUSSIA AND EUROPE: IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY  A MINORITY STAFF REPORT PREPARED FOR THE USE OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS UNITED STATES SENATE O NE H UNDRED F IFTEENTH C ONGRESS   S ECOND S ESSION   J  ANUARY  10, 2018 Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations  Available via World Wide Web: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/congress/index.html VerDate Mar 15 2010 04:06 Jan 09, 2018Jkt 000000PO 00000Frm 00001Fmt 5012Sfmt 5012S:\FULL COMMITTEE\HEARING FILES\COMMITTEE PRINT 2018\HENRY\JAN. 9 REPORT   s  e  n  e  a  g   l  e    F   O   R   E   I  -   4   2   3   2   7  w   i   t   h   D   I   S   T   I   L   L   E   R  COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS BOB CORKER, Tennessee, Chairman JAMES E. RISCH, Idaho MARCO RUBIO, Florida RON JOHNSON, Wisconsin JEFF FLAKE, Arizona CORY GARDNER, Colorado TODD YOUNG, Indiana JOHN BARRASSO, Wyoming JOHNNY ISAKSON, Georgia ROB PORTMAN, Ohio RAND PAUL, Kentucky BENJAMIN L. CARDIN, Maryland ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey JEANNE SHAHEEN, New Hampshire CHRISTOPHER A. COONS, Delaware TOM UDALL, New Mexico CHRISTOPHER MURPHY, Connecticut TIM KAINE, Virginia EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts JEFF MERKLEY, Oregon CORY A. BOOKER, New Jersey T ODD W OMACK  , Staff Director J ESSICA  L EWIS ,  Democratic Staff Director J OHN D UTTON , Chief Clerk (II) VerDate Mar 15 2010 04:06 Jan 09, 2018Jkt 000000PO 00000Frm 00002Fmt 5904Sfmt 5904S:\FULL COMMITTEE\HEARING FILES\COMMITTEE PRINT 2018\HENRY\JAN. 9 REPORT    F   O   R   E   I  -   4   2   3   2   7  w   i   t   h   D   I   S   T   I   L   L   E   R  CONTENTS Page Letter of Transmittal ...............................................................................................v Executive Summary .................................................................................................1 Chapter 1: Putin’s Rise and Motivations ...............................................................7  Ascent to the Top ..............................................................................................8 Return of the Security Services .......................................................................10 The Kremlin’s Paranoid Pathology .................................................................13 Chapter 2: Manipulation and Repression Inside Russia ......................................15 Influencing Ideology, Politics, and Culture ....................................................17 Controlling the Public Narrative .....................................................................24 Corrupting Economic Activity .........................................................................31 Chapter 3: Old Active Measures and Modern Malign Influence Operations ......35  A Brief History of Soviet Active Measures .....................................................37 Modern Malign Influence Operations .............................................................37 The Kremlin’s Disinformation Platforms .......................................................40 Chapter 4: Weaponization of Civil Society, Ideology, Culture, Crime, and Energy ...................................................................................................................47 The Role of State Foundations, GONGOs, NGOs, and Think Tanks ...........47 The Kremlin’s Cultivation of Political Extremes ...........................................50 The Use of the Russian Orthodox Church ......................................................53 The Nationalization of Organized Crime ........................................................54 The Export of Corruption .................................................................................57 The Leveraging of Energy Supplies for Influence ..........................................58 Chapter 5: Kremlin Interference in Semi-Consolidated Democracies and Tran-sitional Governments ...........................................................................................65 Ukraine ..............................................................................................................67 Georgia ..............................................................................................................73 Montenegro .......................................................................................................77 Serbia .................................................................................................................81 Bulgaria .............................................................................................................89 Hungary ............................................................................................................94 Chapter 6: Kremlin Interference in Consolidated Democracies ..........................99 Baltic States: Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia ...............................................100 Nordic States: Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden .............................109 The Netherlands ...............................................................................................113 United Kingdom ...............................................................................................116 France ................................................................................................................121 Germany ............................................................................................................127 Spain ..................................................................................................................133 Italy ...................................................................................................................137 Chapter 7: Multilateral & U.S. Efforts to Counter the Kremlin’s Asymmetric  Arsenal ..................................................................................................................141 Collective Defenses Against Disinformation and Cyber Attacks ..................141 European Energy Diversification and Integration .........................................144 EU and U.S. Efforts to Sanction Malicious Actors ........................................145 U.S. Efforts to Create Alternative and Accurate Quality Programming .....148  Assessing the State Department’s Global Engagement Center ....................149 Chapter 8: Conclusions and Recommendations ....................................................153 (IV) VerDate Mar 15 2010 04:06 Jan 09, 2018Jkt 000000PO 00000Frm 00003Fmt 5905Sfmt 5905S:\FULL COMMITTEE\HEARING FILES\COMMITTEE PRINT 2018\HENRY\JAN. 9 REPORT    F   O   R   E   I  -   4   2   3   2   7  w   i   t   h   D   I   S   T   I   L   L   E   R  Page iv  A  PPENDICES   Appendix A: 1999 Apartment Building Bombings ................................................165  Appendix B: Alleged Political Assassinations .......................................................171  Appendix C: Russian Government’s Olympic Cheating Scheme .........................175  Appendix D: Russia’s Security Services and Cyber Hackers ...............................181  Appendix E: Attacks and Harassment Against Human Rights Activists and Journalists in Russia ...........................................................................................187  Appendix F: Flawed Elections in the Russian Federation Since 1999 ................191  Appendix G: Harsh Treatment of LGBT Individuals and Women in the Rus-sian Federation .....................................................................................................193  Appendix H: Disinformation Narratives, Themes, and Techniques ....................195  Appendix I: Letter from Senator Cardin to European Ambassadors ..................199 VerDate Mar 15 2010 04:06 Jan 09, 2018Jkt 000000PO 00000Frm 00004Fmt 5905Sfmt 5905S:\FULL COMMITTEE\HEARING FILES\COMMITTEE PRINT 2018\HENRY\JAN. 9 REPORT    F   O   R   E   I  -   4   2   3   2   7  w   i   t   h   D   I   S   T   I   L   L   E   R
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x