The Nature of News

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  The nature and sources of news Notes after Robert M. Entman’s essay The nature and sources of news,  The core democratizing functions of journalism  The democratrising functions of the media help citizens keep the government accountable. These functions focus on four areas of interest that are vital for a democratic citizenship: 1. Policy  –   public policy issues 2. Power  –  who is holding the power and how is power used 3. Ideology  –  the ideologies that influence decisions 4. Self-interest  –the individuals’ own interests and stakes in politics.  Classification of the media 1. traditional journalism  –  newspapers and magazines that most thoroughly adhere to the standards of journalism and perform the key functions most thoroughly, consistently and responsively. They put the four core functions (policy, power, ideology and self-interest) at the  basis of their commitment 2. advocacy journalism  –  newspapers and magazines that try to advance certain  political issues and influence agenda setting, enhancing citizenship in general 3. tabloid journalism  –  news shaped more by commercial considerations and by the audiences’ tastes for sensation and emotion than by commitments to democratic  purposes 4. Entertainment  –  news not produced by journalists nor consumed as news, held as rather fictional, artificial or disconnected from reality (the so-called  Reality TV  , which throws real people into situations created for the propgram)   Hard news- consistent issues that impact on peoples’ lives  Soft news  –  a heterogeneous category that includes human interest, scandal, entertainment, stories, etc.
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